首页 > 数据库 > MySQL > 正文
mysql行列转换方法总结
2017-03-20       个评论    来源:qingzhuoran的博客  
收藏    我要投稿

mysql行列转换方法总结

数据样本:

create table tx(
id int primary key auto_increment,
c1 char(2),
c2 char(2),
c3 int
);

insert into tx(c1,c2,c3) values
('A1','B1',9),
('A2','B1',7),
('A3','B1',4),
('A4','B1',2),
('A1','B2',2),
('A2','B2',9),
('A3','B2',8),
('A4','B2',5),
('A1','B3',1),
('A2','B3',8),
('A3','B3',8),
('A4','B3',6),
('A1','B4',8),
('A2','B4',2),
('A3','B4',6),
('A4','B4',9),
('A1','B4',3),
('A2','B4',5),
('A3','B4',2),
('A4','B4',5);

mysql> select * from tx;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | c1 | c2 | c3 |
+----+------+------+------+
| 1 | A1 | B1 | 9 |
| 2 | A2 | B1 | 7 |
| 3 | A3 | B1 | 4 |
| 4 | A4 | B1 | 2 |
| 5 | A1 | B2 | 2 |
| 6 | A2 | B2 | 9 |
| 7 | A3 | B2 | 8 |
| 8 | A4 | B2 | 5 |
| 9 | A1 | B3 | 1 |
| 10 | A2 | B3 | 8 |
| 11 | A3 | B3 | 8 |
| 12 | A4 | B3 | 6 |
| 13 | A1 | B4 | 8 |
| 14 | A2 | B4 | 2 |
| 15 | A3 | B4 | 6 |
| 16 | A4 | B4 | 9 |
| 17 | A1 | B4 | 3 |
| 18 | A2 | B4 | 5 |
| 19 | A3 | B4 | 2 |
| 20 | A4 | B4 | 5 |
+----+------+------+------+
20 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

期望结果

+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+
|C1 |B1 |B2 |B3 |B4 |Total |
+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+
|A1 |9 |2 |1 |11 |23 |
|A2 |7 |9 |8 |7 |31 |
|A3 |4 |8 |8 |8 |28 |
|A4 |2 |5 |6 |14 |27 |
|Total |22 |24 |23 |40 |109 |
+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+

1. 利用SUM(IF()) 生成列 + WITH ROLLUP 生成汇总行,并利用 IFNULL将汇总行标题显示为 Total

mysql>

SELECT
IFNULL(c1,'total') AS total,
SUM(IF(c2='B1',c3,0)) AS B1,
SUM(IF(c2='B2',c3,0)) AS B2,
SUM(IF(c2='B3',c3,0)) AS B3,
SUM(IF(c2='B4',c3,0)) AS B4,
SUM(IF(c2='total',c3,0)) AS total
FROM (
SELECT c1,IFNULL(c2,'total') AS c2,SUM(c3) AS c3
FROM tx GROUP BY c1,c2
WITH ROLLUP
HAVING c1 IS NOT NULL
) AS A
GROUP BY c1
WITH ROLLUP;

+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| total | B1 | B2 | B3 | B4 | total |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1 | 9 | 2 | 1 | 11 | 23 |
| A2 | 7 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 31 |
| A3 | 4 | 8 | 8 | 8 | 28 |
| A4 | 2 | 5 | 6 | 14 | 27 |
| total | 22 | 24 | 23 | 40 | 109 |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

/*

select c1,c2,sum(c3) from tx group by c1,c2

\\

*/

2. 利用SUM(IF()) 生成列 + UNION 生成汇总行,并利用 IFNULL将汇总行标题显示为 Total
mysql>

select c1,
sum(if(c2='B1',C3,0)) AS B1,
sum(if(c2='B2',C3,0)) AS B2,
sum(if(c2='B3',C3,0)) AS B3,
sum(if(c2='B4',C3,0)) AS B4,SUM(C3) AS TOTAL
from tx
group by C1
UNION
SELECT 'TOTAL',sum(if(c2='B1',C3,0)) AS B1,
sum(if(c2='B2',C3,0)) AS B2,
sum(if(c2='B3',C3,0)) AS B3,
sum(if(c2='B4',C3,0)) AS B4,SUM(C3) FROM TX;

+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| c1 | B1 | B2 | B3 | B4 | TOTAL |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1 | 9 | 2 | 1 | 11 | 23 |
| A2 | 7 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 31 |
| A3 | 4 | 8 | 8 | 8 | 28 |
| A4 | 2 | 5 | 6 | 14 | 27 |
| TOTAL | 22 | 24 | 23 | 40 | 109 |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

3. 利用SUM(IF()) 生成列,直接生成结果不再利用子查询
mysql>

select
ifnull(c1,'total'),
sum(if(c2='B1',C3,0)) AS B1,
sum(if(c2='B2',C3,0)) AS B2,
sum(if(c2='B3',C3,0)) AS B3,
sum(if(c2='B4',C3,0)) AS B4,SUM(C3) AS TOTAL
from tx
group by C1 with rollup ;

+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| ifnull(c1,'total') | B1 | B2 | B3 | B4 | TOTAL |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1 | 9 | 2 | 1 | 11 | 23 |
| A2 | 7 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 31 |
| A3 | 4 | 8 | 8 | 8 | 28 |
| A4 | 2 | 5 | 6 | 14 | 27 |
| total | 22 | 24 | 23 | 40 | 109 |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>


4. 动态,适用于列不确定情况,

mysql> SET @EE='';
mysql> SELECT @EE:=CONCAT(@EE,'SUM(IF(C2=\'',C2,'\'',',C3,0)) AS ',C2,',') FROM (SELECT DISTINCT C2 FROM TX) A;

mysql> SET @QQ=CONCAT('SELECT ifnull(c1,\'total\'),',LEFT(@EE,LENGTH(@EE)-1),' ,SUM(C3) AS TOTAL FROM TX GROUP BY C1 WITH ROLLUP');
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> PREPARE stmt2 FROM @QQ;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Statement prepared

mysql> EXECUTE stmt2;
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| ifnull(c1,'total') | B1 | B2 | B3 | B4 | TOTAL |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1 | 9 | 2 | 1 | 11 | 23 |
| A2 | 7 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 31 |
| A3 | 4 | 8 | 8 | 8 | 28 |
| A4 | 2 | 5 | 6 | 14 | 27 |
| total | 22 | 24 | 23 | 40 | 109 |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

其实数据库中也可以用 CASE WHEN / DECODE 代替 IF

sum(if(c2='B1',C3,0)) AS B1

可改写为

sum(case c2 when 'B1' then C3 else 0 end) AS B1

点击复制链接 与好友分享!回本站首页
上一篇:JAVAWEB从入门到精通day15MYSQL简单学习
下一篇:MySql_添加索引
相关文章
图文推荐
文章
推荐
点击排行

关于我们 | 联系我们 | 广告服务 | 投资合作 | 版权申明 | 在线帮助 | 网站地图 | 作品发布 | Vip技术培训
版权所有: 红黑联盟--致力于做实用的IT技术学习网站