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C#使用Semaphore来同步线程
2017-01-11 11:11:00      个评论    来源:Yy  
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尽量避免超时的发生。 如果真的超时了,应该最大限度的保证是真的超时了。

// 初始化一个信号量,初始值为0,最大值为1.
private Semaphore sem = new Semaphore(0, 1);

private void ReleaseSem()
{
    // 释放一个信号量
    if (有人在等待)
    {
        sem.Release();
    }
    else
    {
        这个是原来的某个超时的返回的结果。
    }
}

public void WaitSem()
{
    // 这个函数同时,只能被一个线程调用,避免messageId被覆盖。
    lock();

    // 等待一个信号,最长等待5秒钟
    sem.WaitOne(5000);

    unlock();
}

线程池例子

using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Fibonacci
{
    private int _n;
    private int _fibOfN;
    private ManualResetEvent _doneEvent;

    public int N { get { return _n; } }
    public int FibOfN { get { return _fibOfN; } }

    // Constructor. 
    public Fibonacci(int n, ManualResetEvent doneEvent)
    {
        _n = n;
        _doneEvent = doneEvent;
    }

    // Wrapper method for use with thread pool. 
    public void ThreadPoolCallback(Object threadContext)
    {
        int threadIndex = (int)threadContext;
        Console.WriteLine("thread {0} started...", threadIndex);
        _fibOfN = Calculate(_n);
        Console.WriteLine("thread {0} result calculated...", threadIndex);
        _doneEvent.Set();
    }

    // Recursive method that calculates the Nth Fibonacci number. 
    public int Calculate(int n)
    {
        if (n <= 1)
        {
            return n;
        }

        return Calculate(n - 1) + Calculate(n - 2);
    }
}

public class ThreadPoolExample
{
    static void Main()
    {
        const int FibonacciCalculations = 10;

        // One event is used for each Fibonacci object.
        ManualResetEvent[] doneEvents = new ManualResetEvent[FibonacciCalculations];
        Fibonacci[] fibArray = new Fibonacci[FibonacciCalculations];
        Random r = new Random();

        // Configure and start threads using ThreadPool.
        Console.WriteLine("launching {0} tasks...", FibonacciCalculations);
        for (int i = 0; i < FibonacciCalculations; i++)
        {
            doneEvents[i] = new ManualResetEvent(false);
            Fibonacci f = new Fibonacci(r.Next(20, 40), doneEvents[i]);
            fibArray[i] = f;
            ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(f.ThreadPoolCallback, i);
        }

        // Wait for all threads in pool to calculate.
        WaitHandle.WaitAll(doneEvents);
        Console.WriteLine("All calculations are complete.");

        // Display the results. 
        for (int i= 0; i<FibonacciCalculations; i++)
        {
            Fibonacci f = fibArray[i];
            Console.WriteLine("Fibonacci({0}) = {1}", f.N, f.FibOfN);
        }
    }
}

输出结果

launching 10 tasks...
thread 0 started...
thread 1 started...
thread 1 result calculated...
thread 2 started...
thread 2 result calculated...
thread 3 started...
thread 3 result calculated...
thread 4 started...
thread 0 result calculated...
thread 5 started...
thread 5 result calculated...
thread 6 started...
thread 4 result calculated...
thread 7 started...
thread 6 result calculated...
thread 8 started...
thread 8 result calculated...
thread 9 started...
thread 9 result calculated...
thread 7 result calculated...
All calculations are complete.
Fibonacci(38) = 39088169
Fibonacci(29) = 514229
Fibonacci(25) = 75025
Fibonacci(22) = 17711
Fibonacci(38) = 39088169
Fibonacci(29) = 514229
Fibonacci(29) = 514229
Fibonacci(38) = 39088169
Fibonacci(21) = 10946
Fibonacci(27) = 196418
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