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Nagios监控mongodb分片集群服务实战
2014-10-10 09:21:17         来源:MySQL  
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1,监控插件下载
Mongodb插件下载地址为:git clone git://github.com/mzupan/nagios-plugin-mongodb.git,刚开始本人这里没有安装gitpub环境,找网友草根帮忙下载的,之后上传到了csdn资源页面,新的下载地址为:https://download.csdn.net/detail/mchdba/8019077

2,添加新的mongodb监控命令

因为mongodb服务是和mysql从库公用一台物理机,之前已经做了基础nagios以及mysql服务监控,所以这里只需要在原来的基础上添加mongodb命令和服务即可。Nagios监控mysql请参考:https://blog.itpub.net/26230597/viewspace-760141/以及https://blog.itpub.net/26230597/viewspace-1217246/。所以这里需要添加的mongodb监控命令如下所示: 

[root@wgq objects]# cd /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects
[root@wgq objects]# vim commands.cfg
define command {
    command_name check_mongodb
    command_line $USER1$/nagios-plugin-mongodb/check_mongodb.py -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -A $ARG1$ -P $ARG2$ -W $ARG3$ -C $ARG4$
}

define command {
    command_name check_mongodb_database
    command_line $USER1$/nagios-plugin-mongodb/check_mongodb.py -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -A $ARG1$ -P $ARG2$ -W $ARG3$ -C $ARG4$ -d $ARG5$
}

define command {
    command_name check_mongodb_collection
    command_line $USER1$/nagios-plugin-mongodb/check_mongodb.py -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -A $ARG1$ -P $ARG2$ -W $ARG3$ -C $ARG4$ -d $ARG5$ -c $ARG6$
}

define command {
    command_name check_mongodb_replicaset
    command_line $USER1$/nagios-plugin-mongodb/check_mongodb.py -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -A $ARG1$ -P $ARG2$ -W $ARG3$ -C $ARG4$ -r $ARG5$
}

define command {
    command_name check_mongodb_query
    command_line $USER1$/nagios-plugin-mongodb/check_mongodb.py -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -A $ARG1$ -P $ARG2$ -W $ARG3$ -C $ARG4$ -q $ARG5$
}
3,添加mongodb监控服务mongodb的服务也需要单独重新添加,如下所示:
#检测mongodb服务的连接时间,超过2秒就普通报警,5秒就严重报警
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Connect Check
        check_command check_mongodb!connect!30000!2!5
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }

#检查mongodb的连接数,超过150普通报警,200严重报警
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Free Connections
        check_command check_mongodb!connections!27017!70!80
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
        
#检查mongodb复制完成的百分比率,确保primary和standby的time是一致的。
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Replication Lag
        check_command check_mongodb!replication_lag!27017!15!30
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
#检查mongodb内存使用率,阀值与mongodb所在机器的总内存数相关
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Memory Usage
        check_command check_mongodb!memory!27017!20!28
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
#检查mongodb Mapped的内存使用率,阀值与mongodb所在机器的总内存数相关
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Mapped Memory Usage
        check_command check_mongodb!memory_mapped!27017!20!28
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
#检查Lock Time的百分率,如果lock time占据mongo运行时间的5%就普通报警,如果超过10%就严重报警
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Lock Percentage
        check_command check_mongodb!lock!27017!5!10
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }

# Check Average Flush Time,检查mongo服务器的平均flush时间,
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Flush Average
        check_command check_mongodb!flushing!27017!100!200
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }

# Check Last Flush Time,检查最新的flush时间,如果超过200ms就普通报警,超过400ms就严重报警
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Last Flush Time
        check_command check_mongodb!last_flush_time!27017!200!400
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
# Check status of mongodb replicaset,检查mongo复制的状态
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB state
        check_command check_mongodb!replset_state!27017!0!0
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }

# Check status of index miss ratio,检查索引命中率,
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Index Miss Ratio
        check_command check_mongodb!index_miss_ratio!27017!.005!.01
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
# Check number of databases and number of collections
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Number of databases
        check_command check_mongodb!databases!27017!300!500
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Number of collections
        check_command check_mongodb!collections!27017!300!500
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }        
        
# Check size of a database,检查库的大小
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Database size your-database
        check_command check_mongodb_database!database_size!27017!300!500!your-database
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }                
        
# Check index size of a database,检查库索引的大小
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Database index size your-database
        check_command check_mongodb_database!database_indexes!27017!50!100!your-database
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }            
        
# Check index size of a collection,检查集合collection的索引大小
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Database index size your-database
        check_command check_mongodb_collection!collection_indexes!27017!50!100!your-database!your-collection
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
# Check the primary server of replicaset,检查复制的primary服务
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Replicaset Master Monitor: your-replicaset
        check_command check_mongodb_replicaset!replica_primary!27017!0!1!your-replicaset 
        #示例:check_command check_mongodb_replicaset!replica_primary!27017!0!1!shard2
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }

        
# Check the number of queries per second,检查每一秒的查询数量
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description MongoDB Updates per Second
        check_command check_mongodb_query!queries_per_second!27017!200!150!update
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }
        
# Check Primary Connection,检查复制中与primary库的连接时间,超过2秒就普通报警,超过4秒就严重报警
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Connect Check
        check_command check_mongodb!connect_primary!27017!2!4
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }

# Check Collection State,检查collection状态,检查mongo服务组列表的每一个主机,可以检查重要collection的高可用性(锁、超时、服务配置的可用性),如果发现一个查询失败就会报警。
define service{
        host_name dbm1slave1
        service_description Mongo Collection State
        check_command check_mongodb!collection_state!27017!your-database!your-collection
        max_check_attempts 5
        normal_check_interval 3
        retry_check_interval 2
        check_period 24x7
        notification_interval 10
        notification_period 24x7
        notification_options w,u,c,r
        contact_groups ops
        }



4,查看部分监控项效果

配置完nagios端服务,重启下service nagios restart; 等上几分钟,nagios监控界面就会出现完整的mongo服务信息,如下所示:

\
,从ps中确定mongodb的架构

[root@db-m1-slave-1 ~]# ps -eaf|grep mongo

mongodb 2457 1 0 2013 ? 2-03:39:08 ./mongod --configsvr --dbpath /home/data/mongodb/config --port 20000 --logpath /home/data/mongodb/config.log --logappend --fork

mongodb 2804 1 0 2013 ? 1-10:02:33 mongos --configdb 192.168.12.62:20000,192.168.12.63:20000,192.168.12.72:20000 --port 30000 --chunkSize 64 --logpath /home/data/mongodb/mongos.log --logappend --fork

mongodb 3072 1 0 2013 ? 1-10:17:20 mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard1 --port 27017 --dbpath /home/data/mongodb/shard11 --oplogSize 2048 --logpath /home/data/mongodb/shard11.log --logappend --fork

root 11179 9391 0 11:14 pts/1 00:00:00 grep mongo

mongodb 30414 1 0 Feb14 ? 1-06:20:50 mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard2 --port 27018 --dbpath /home/data/mongodb/shard21 --oplogSize 2048 --logpath /home/data/mongodb/shard21.log --logappend --fork

[root@db-m1-slave-1 ~]#

 

看到有4个mongo进程,

a) 启动参数有“--configdb”的就是集群入口进程;

b) Shard Server,启动参数带“--shardsvr --replSet”的是集群分片的一个片组启动进程,用户存储实际的数据块,也就是27017端口和27018端口的mongodb服务实例。至于如何判断27017端口中哪个是primary哪个是secondary需要去登录27107端口执行rs.status();去查看一下。

c) Config Server:启动参数带“--configsvr”的进程,存储了整个Cluster Metadata,其中包括chunk信息,也就是20000端口的mongodb服务实例。

d) Route Server:启动参数带“mongos --configdb”的进程,前端路由,客户端由此接入,且让整个集群看上去像单一数据库,前端应用可以透明使用,也就是30000端口的mongodb实例。

错误1:

[root@wgq nagios ~]# tail -f /usr/local/nagios/var/nagios.log

[1412819956] Warning: Return code of 13 for check of service 'Mongo Memory Usage' on host 'dbm1slave1' was out of bounds.

[1412819956] SERVICE ALERT: dbm1slave1;Mongo Memory Usage;CRITICAL;SOFT;1;(Return code of 13 is out of bounds)

[1412819975] Warning: Return code of 13 for check of service 'Mongodb Connect Check' on host 'dbm1slave1' was out of bounds.

[1412819975] SERVICE ALERT: dbm1slave1;Mongodb Connect Check;CRITICAL;SOFT;1;(Return code of 13 is out of bounds)

[1412820058] Warning: Return code of 13 for check of service 'Mongo Free Connections' on host 'dbm1slave1' was out of bounds.

需要赋值nagios用户所有权限以及r执行权限

chmod 770 /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_mongodb.py

chown -R nagios.nagios /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_mongodb.py

错误2:

监控界面Status Information一栏出现 No module named pymongo报错提示信息:

出现这个提示是因为需要安装pymongo模块,执行easy_install pymongo命令安装即可,如下所示:

[root@wgq objects]# easy_install pymongo

Searching for pymongo

Reading https://pypi.python.org/simple/pymongo/

Best match: pymongo 2.7.2

......

zip_safe flag not set; analyzing archive contents...

Adding pymongo 2.7.2 to easy-install.pth file

Installed /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pymongo-2.7.2-py2.6-linux-x86_64.egg

Processing dependencies for pymongo

Finished processing dependencies for pymongo

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