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heartbeat+mysql双主复制实现高可用
2016-05-25 09:02:10         来源:雅冰石的专栏  
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实验环境

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一:搭建主主复制环境


1.1实验环境

两台机器事先都已经装好了MySQL单实例。

IP: 10.192.203.201 10.192.203.202

端口都是3307.
二者的端口号需要保持一致,否则在最后用vip连接的时候,不能使用相同端口号连接。

1.2实验步骤


1.2.1修改配置文件

修改master1:

在[mysqld]下面添加:

 

server-id = 1
relay-log=/data/server/mysql_3307/binlog/ZabbixServer-relay-bin
relay-log-index=/data/server/mysql_3307/binlog/ZabbixServer-relay-bin.index
auto-increment-offset= 1    
auto-increment-increment= 2 
log-slave-updates=true 

 

修改master2:

在[mysqld]下面添加:

 

server-id = 3
relay-log=/data/server/mysql/binlog/single-relay-bin
relay-log-index=/data/server/mysql/binlog/single-relay-bin.index
auto-increment-offset= 2   
auto-increment-increment= 2 
log-slave-updates=true

添加auto-increment-offset那两项,是为了避免在MySQLINSERT时主键冲突。

修改完后记得重启mysql

1.2.2建复制用户

分别在两台mysql上执行

GRANTREPLICATION SLAVE ON *.* TO 'RepUser'@'%'identified by 'beijing';

1.2.3指向master

两台服务器均为新建立,且无其它写入操作,各服务器只需记录当前自己二进制日志文件及事件位置,以之作为另外的服务器复制起始位置即可。否则,需要先备份主库,在备库进行恢复,从而保持数据一致,然后再指向master。

Master1:

mysql>show master status;

+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+

|File |Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB | Executed_Gtid_Set |

+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+

|mysql-bin.000001 | 302| | | |

+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+

1 row inset (0.00 sec)

Master2:

mysql>show master status;

+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+

|File |Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB | Executed_Gtid_Set |

+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+

|mysql-bin.000001 | 120| | | |

+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+

1 row inset (0.00 sec)

#Master1指向Master2

1. CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_USER='RepUser',MASTER_HOST='10.192.203.202',MASTER_PASSWORD='beijing',MASTER_PORT=3307,MASTER_LOG_FILE='mysql-bin.000001',MASTER_LOG_POS=120;


#Master2指向Master1

[1. CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_USER='RepUser',MASTER_HOST='10.192.203.201',MASTER_PASSWORD='beijing', MASTER_PORT=3307,MASTER_LOG_FILE='mysql-bin.000001',MASTER_LOG_POS=302;

 

1.2.4分别启动slave

startslave ;

确保show slave status

Slave_IO_Running:Yes

Slave_SQL_Running:Yes

测试两边是否同步,略。

二 配心跳

每个主机分别带有两块以太网卡,其中一块用于网络通信,另一块用于心跳功能。

本实验都是在Oracle virtualbox虚拟机里做的,故添加一块儿用于内部连接的网卡,用于心跳测试,请参考:https://blog.csdn.net/yabingshi_tech/article/details/51445006

 

三:安装部署heartbeat


在两台机器上分别做以下操作:

3.1 安装依赖包

yum install PyXML cluster-glue cluster-glue-libs resource-agents –y

3.2 安装heartbeat

wget https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/heartbeat-3.0.4-2.el6.x86_64.rpm

wget https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/heartbeat-libs-3.0.4-2.el6.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh heartbeat-*

 

3.3 配置heartbeat

复制配置文件

cp /usr/share/doc/heartbeat-3.0.4/authkeys /etc/ha.d/

cp /usr/share/doc/heartbeat-3.0.4/haresources /etc/ha.d/

cp /usr/share/doc/heartbeat-3.0.4/ha.cf /etc/ha.d/

3.3.1 配置心跳的加密方式:authkeys

vi /etc/ha.d/authkeys

#如果使用双机对联线(双绞线),可以配置如下:

auth 1

1 crc

#存盘退出,然后

chmod 600 /etc/ha.d/authkeys

3.3.2 配置心跳的监控:haresources

vi /etc/ha.d/haresources

#各主机这部分应完全相同。

添加:

PC IPaddr::10.192.203.203

#注意,PC这写你的master的主机名,Ipaddr写的是你的VIP地址。

也可设置heartbeat管理的资源或服务:在该目录下存放服务启动脚本(例如:mysql),将相同脚本名称添到/etc/ha.d/haresources内容中,从而跟随heartbeat启动而启动该脚本。

如:PC IPaddr::10.192.203.203 mysql #

但是,这样当heartbeat关闭的时候,也会关闭mysql,所以这里我就不添加了。

3.3.3 配置心跳的配置文件:ha.cf

主和从机器除了ucast eth1 10.0.0.2这一行不同外,其他都一样。

vi /etc/ha.d/ha.cf

添加:

 

logfile/var/log/ha_log/ha-log.log   ## ha的日志文件记录位置。如没有该目录,则需要手动添加
bcast eth1     ##使用eht1做心跳监测
ucast eth1 10.0.0.2   ##心跳网卡连接对方心跳地址
keepalive 2    ##设定心跳(监测)时间时间为2秒
warntime 10
deadtime 30
initdead 120
hopfudge 1
udpport 694    ##使用udp端口694 进行心跳监测
auto_failback off
node PC  ##节点1,必须要与 uname -n 指令得到的结果一致。
node slave2  ##节点2
ping 10.192.203.254   ##通过ping 网关来监测心跳是否正常。

3.3.4 创建日志文件路径

mkdir -p /var/log/ha_log

chmod 777 /var/log/ha_log/

3.3.5 设置ipvsadm的巡回监测

ipvsadm -A -t 10.192.203.203:3307 -s rr

ipvsadm -a -t 10.192.203.203:3307 -r 10.192.203.201:3307-m

ipvsadm -a -t 10.192.203.203:3307 -r 10.192.203.202:3307-m

 

[root@PC download]# ipvsadm --list

IP Virtual Server version 1.2.1 (size=4096)

Prot LocalAddress:Port Scheduler Flags

-> RemoteAddress:Port Forward Weight ActiveConn InActConn

TCP bogon:opsession-prxy rr

-> bogon:opsession-prxy Local 1 0 0

-> bogon:opsession-prxy Masq 1 0 0

 

[root@slave2 download]# ipvsadm --list

IP Virtual Server version 1.2.1 (size=4096)

Prot LocalAddress:Port Scheduler Flags

-> RemoteAddress:Port Forward Weight ActiveConn InActConn

TCP 10.192.203.203:opsession-prx rr

-> 10.192.203.201:opsession-prx Masq 1 0 0

-> 10.192.203.202:opsession-prx Local 1 0 0

 

3.4 开放防火墙端口

 

heartbeat 默认使用udp 694端口进行心跳监测。 如果系统有使用iptables 做防火墙,应记住把这个端口打开。

vi/etc/sysconfig/iptables

添加:-A INPUT -pudp --dport 694 -j ACCEPT

service iptables restart

 

3.5 HA服务的启动、关闭以及测试

启动HA: serviceheartbeat start

在主从都启动heartbeat

[root@PC init.d]# service heartbeat start

Starting High-Availability services:INFO: Resource is stopped

Done.

[root@PC ha_log]# service heartbeat status

heartbeat OK [pid 17943 et al] is runningon pc [pc]...

[root@slave2 ha_log]# service heartbeatstatus

heartbeat OK [pid 6536 et al] is running onslave2 [slave2]...

在主上看到虚拟IP了:

[root@PC ha_log]# ip addr

 

1: lo:  mtu16436 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN
   link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
   inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
   inet6 ::1/128 scope host
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen1000
   link/ether 08:00:27:04:05:16 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
   inet 10.192.203.201/24 brd 10.192.203.255 scope global eth0
   inet 10.192.203.203/24 brd 10.192.203.255 scope global secondary eth0
   inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe04:516/64 scope link tentative dadfailed
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth1: mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen1000
   link/ether 08:00:27:3a:ec:3c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
   inet 10.0.0.1/24 brd 10.0.0.255 scope global eth1
   inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe3a:ec3c/64 scope link tentative dadfailed
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

 

在/var/log/ha_log下的日志文件或者/var/log/messages 都可以看到相关信息。

[root@PC network-scripts]# tail -f/var/log/messages

 

May 19 01:34:59 PCResourceManager(default)[17985]: info: Running /etc/ha.d/resource.d/IPaddr10.192.203.203 start
May 19 01:35:00 PCIPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[18103]: INFO: Adding inet address10.192.203.203/24 with broadcast address 10.192.203.255 to device eth0
May 19 01:35:00 PCIPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[18103]: INFO: Bringing device eth0 up
May 19 01:35:00 PCIPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[18103]: INFO: /usr/libexec/heartbeat/send_arp -i200 -r 5 -p /var/run/resource-agents/send_arp-10.192.203.203 eth010.192.203.203 auto not_used not_used
May 19 01:35:00 PC/usr/lib/ocf/resource.d//heartbeat/IPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[18089]:INFO:  Success
May 19 01:35:00 PCResourceManager(default)[17985]: info: Running /etc/init.d/mysql  start
May 19 01:35:03 PC heartbeat: [17972]:info: local HA resource acquisition completed (standby).
May 19 01:35:03 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Standby resource acquisition done [foreign].
May 19 01:35:03 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Initial resource acquisition complete (auto_failback)
May 19 01:35:03 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: remote resource transition completed.

 

测试:

将主201上的心跳关闭

[root@PC ha_log]# service heartbeat stop

Stopping High-Availability services: Done.

查看日志:

 

May 19 01:46:57 PC heartbeat: [18561]: info:Giving up all HA resources.
May 19 01:46:58 PCResourceManager(default)[18574]: info: Releasing resource group: pcIPaddr::10.192.203.203 mysql
May 19 01:46:58 PCResourceManager(default)[18574]: info: Running /etc/init.d/mysql  stop
May 19 01:46:59 PC ResourceManager(default)[18574]:info: Running /etc/ha.d/resource.d/IPaddr 10.192.203.203 stop
May 19 01:46:59 PCIPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[18652]: INFO: IP status = ok, IP_CIP=
May 19 01:46:59 PC/usr/lib/ocf/resource.d//heartbeat/IPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[18638]:INFO:  Success
May 19 01:46:59 PC heartbeat: [18561]:info: All HA resources relinquished.
May 19 01:47:00 PC heartbeat: [17943]:WARN: 1 lost packet(s) for [slave2] [2777:2779]
May 19 01:47:00 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: No pkts missing from slave2!
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: killing HBWRITE process 17949 with signal 15
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: killing HBREAD process 17950 with signal 15
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: killing HBWRITE process 17951 with signal 15
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: killing HBREAD process 17952 with signal 15
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: killing HBFIFO process 17946 with signal 15
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: killing HBWRITE process 17947 with signal 15
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: killing HBREAD process 17948 with signal 15
May 19 01:47:01 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Core process 17951 exited. 7 remaining
May 19 01:47:02 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Core process 17946 exited. 6 remaining
May 19 01:47:02 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Core process 17947 exited. 5 remaining
May 19 01:47:02 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Core process 17948 exited. 4 remaining
May 19 01:47:02 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Core process 17949 exited. 3 remaining
May 19 01:47:02 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Core process 17950 exited. 2 remaining
May 19 01:47:02 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: Core process 17952 exited. 1 remaining
May 19 01:47:02 PC heartbeat: [17943]:info: pc Heartbeat shutdown complete.

查看从202的日志:

 

 

harc(default)[8578]:         2016/05/19_01:47:00 info: Running /etc/ha.d//rc.d/statusstatus
mach_down(default)[8595]:    2016/05/19_01:47:00 info: Taking overresource group IPaddr::10.192.203.203
ResourceManager(default)[8622]: 2016/05/19_01:47:00 info: Acquiring resourcegroup: pc IPaddr::10.192.203.203 mysql
/usr/lib/ocf/resource.d//heartbeat/IPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[8650]: 2016/05/19_01:47:01 INFO:  Resource is stopped
ResourceManager(default)[8622]: 2016/05/19_01:47:01 info: Running/etc/ha.d/resource.d/IPaddr 10.192.203.203 start
IPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[8746]:  2016/05/19_01:47:01 INFO: Adding inet address10.192.203.203/24 with broadcast address 10.192.203.255 to device eth0
IPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[8746]:  2016/05/19_01:47:01 INFO: Bringing device eth0up
IPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[8746]:  2016/05/19_01:47:01 INFO:/usr/libexec/heartbeat/send_arp -i 200 -r 5 -p/var/run/resource-agents/send_arp-10.192.203.203 eth0 10.192.203.203 autonot_used not_used
/usr/lib/ocf/resource.d//heartbeat/IPaddr(IPaddr_10.192.203.203)[8732]: 2016/05/19_01:47:01 INFO:  Success
ResourceManager(default)[8622]: 2016/05/19_01:47:02 info: Running/etc/init.d/mysql  start
mach_down(default)[8595]:    2016/05/19_01:47:05 info: /usr/share/heartbeat/mach_down:nice_failback: foreign resources acquired
mach_down(default)[8595]:    2016/05/19_01:47:05 info: mach_down takeovercomplete for node pc.
May 19 01:47:05 slave2 heartbeat: [6536]:info: mach_down takeover complete.
May 19 01:47:31 slave2 heartbeat: [6536]:WARN: node pc: is dead
May 19 01:47:31 slave2 heartbeat: [6536]:info: Dead node pc gave up resources.
May 19 01:47:31 slave2 heartbeat: [6536]:info: Link pc:eth1 dead.

 

显示202接管成功了。

在202上能看到vip已经漂移过来:

[root@slave2 ha_log]# ip addr

 

1: lo:  mtu16436 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN
   link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
   inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
   inet6 ::1/128 scope host
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
   link/ether 08:00:27:04:05:16 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
   inet 10.192.203.202/24 brd 10.192.203.255 scope global eth0
   inet 10.192.203.203/24 brd 10.192.203.255 scope global secondary eth0
   inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe04:516/64 scope link
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth1: mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen1000
   link/ether 08:00:27:3a:ec:3c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
   inet 10.0.0.2/24 brd 10.0.0.255 scope global eth1
   inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe3a:ec3c/64 scope link
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

 

201已经没有vip

[root@PC ha_log]# ip addr

 

1: lo:  mtu16436 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN
   link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
   inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
   inet6 ::1/128 scope host
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen1000
    link/ether08:00:27:04:05:16 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
   inet 10.192.203.201/24 brd 10.192.203.255 scope global eth0
   inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe04:516/64 scope link tentative dadfailed
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth1: mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
   link/ether 08:00:27:3a:ec:3c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
   inet 10.0.0.1/24 brd 10.0.0.255 scope global eth1
   inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe3a:ec3c/64 scope link tentative dadfailed
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

 

四:heartbeat+mysql实现高可用

 

heartbeat只检测心跳也就是只检测设备是否宕机,不会检测MySQL服务,所以我们同样要有一个脚本来检测MySQL服务,如果mysql服务宕掉,则kill掉heartbeat进程实现故障转移(和nginx+keepalived原理一致),脚本内容如下:

分别在master1,master2上新建检查mysql脚本

vi /root/check_mysql.sh

MYSQL=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql
MYSQL_HOST=localhost
MYSQL_USER=root
MYSQL_PASSWORD=system@123 
 
$MYSQL -h $MYSQL_HOST -u $MYSQL_USER-p$MYSQL_PASSWORD -e "show status;" >/dev/null 2>&1
#$mysqlclient --host=$host --port=$port--user=$user --password=$password  -e"show databases;" > /dev/null 2>&1
if [ $? == 0 ]
then
   echo " $host mysql login successfully "
   exit 0
else
   #echo " $host mysql login faild"
   /etc/init.d/heartbeat stop
   exit 2
fi

 

这个脚本待写一些邮件通知的操作。

chmod +x /root/check_mysql.sh

设置成定时任务,每分钟检查一次:

*/1 * * * * /root/check_mysql.sh >>/root/check_mysql.log

关闭当前主的mysql,验证下vip是否漂移到了从。

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