poj 2104 K-th Number(划分树裸题)
2013-10-28 09:26:31      个评论

K-th Number

Time Limit: 20000MS Memory Limit: 65536K

Total Submissions: 33453 Accepted: 10551

Case Time Limit: 2000MS

Description

You are working for Macrohard company in data structures department. After failing your previous task about key insertion you were asked to write a new data structure that would be able to return quickly k-th order statistics in the array segment.

That is, given an array a[1...n] of different integer numbers, your program must answer a series of questions Q(i, j, k) in the form: "What would be the k-th number in a[i...j] segment, if this segment was sorted?"

For example, consider the array a = (1, 5, 2, 6, 3, 7, 4). Let the question be Q(2, 5, 3). The segment a[2...5] is (5, 2, 6, 3). If we sort this segment, we get (2, 3, 5, 6), the third number is 5, and therefore the answer to the question is 5.

Input

The first line of the input file contains n --- the size of the array, and m --- the number of questions to answer (1 <= n <= 100 000, 1 <= m <= 5 000).

The second line contains n different integer numbers not exceeding 109 by their absolute values --- the array for which the answers should be given.

The following m lines contain question descriptions, each description consists of three numbers: i, j, and k (1 <= i <= j <= n, 1 <= k <= j - i + 1) and represents the question Q(i, j, k).

Output

For each question output the answer to it --- the k-th number in sorted a[i...j] segment.

Sample Input

7 3

1 5 2 6 3 7 4

2 5 3

4 4 1

1 7 3

Sample Output

5

6

3

Hint

This problem has huge input,so please use c-style input(scanf,printf),or you may got time limit exceed.

Source

Northeastern Europe 2004, Northern Subregion

```#include<algorithm>
#include<iostream>
#include<string.h>
#include<sstream>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
#include<vector>
#include<string>
#include<queue>
#include<set>
#include<map>
using namespace std;
const int INF=0x3f3f3f3f;
const int maxn=100010;
int seg[20][maxn],lnum[20][maxn],sa[maxn];
int n,m;
void btree(int L,int R,int d)
{
int i,ls,rs,lm,mid;
if(L==R)
return ;
mid=(L+R)>>1;
ls=L,rs=mid+1;
lm=mid-L+1;
for(i=L;i<=R;i++)
if(seg[d][i]<sa[mid])
lm--;
for(i=L;i<=R;i++)
{
lnum[d][i]=(i==L)?0:lnum[d][i-1];
if(seg[d][i]==sa[mid])
{
if(lm>0)
{
lm--;
lnum[d][i]++;
seg[d+1][ls++]=seg[d][i];
}
else
seg[d+1][rs++]=seg[d][i];
}
else if(seg[d][i]<sa[mid])
{
lnum[d][i]++;
seg[d+1][ls++]=seg[d][i];
}
else
seg[d+1][rs++]=seg[d][i];
}
btree(L,mid,d+1);
btree(mid+1,R,d+1);
}
int qu(int L,int R,int l,int r,int d,int k)
{
int ss,s,bb,b,mid;
if(L==R)
return seg[d][L];
ss=(l==L)?0:lnum[d][l-1];//[1,l-1]进入左树的个数
s=lnum[d][r]-ss;//[l,r]进入左树的个数
mid=(L+R)>>1;
if(s>=k)//在左树中
return qu(L,mid,L+ss,L+ss+s-1,d+1,k);//注意边界。可以确定L+ss-1不为所求所以从L+ss
else
{
bb=l-L-ss;//[1,l-1]进入右树的个数.(l-1)-L+1-ss
b=r-l+1-s;//[l,r]进入右树的个数
return qu(mid+1,R,mid+bb+1,mid+bb+b,d+1,k-s);
}
}
void init()
{
int i;
for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
scanf("%d",&seg[0][i]);
sa[i]=seg[0][i];
}
sort(sa+1,sa+n+1);//注意排序起点啊。。
btree(1,n,0);//mid+1+bb+b-1
}
int main()
{
int i,j,k;

while(~scanf("%d%d",&n,&m))
{
init();
while(m--)
{
scanf("%d%d%d",&i,&j,&k);
printf("%d\n",qu(1,n,i,j,0,k));
}
}
return 0;
}
```