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iOS8指纹识别TouchID
2014-06-28 11:06:15         来源:iOS8指纹识别TouchID  
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苹果在2014年6月3日的WWDC2014开幕式上推出了新版iOS8系统,界面上iOS8与iOS7相比变化不大,不过在功能方面进行了完善。iOS8通知中心更加强大,支持消息直接回复操作,并支持QuickType和第三方输入法。短信功能改进明显,支持群聊,发送语音、视频,分享地理位置等。从终端用户的角度看,iOS8的许多新功能早已出现在其他平台中。iOS8会向第三方软件开放TouchID访问,这意味着可以使用该感应器登陆银行应用等。

第三方应用可以使用TouchID接口,意味着未来的很多应用都可以用指纹识别功能了。你可以选择Touch ID登陆第三方应用程序,不需要输入密码,你的指纹数据是被保护的,在没有被允许的情况下别的程序是访问不到它的。

\ \ \

根据苹果的解释,一个单一的注册指纹与别人指纹出现随机匹配的概率为五万分之一。

苹果声称“Secure Enclave”模块系统能够安全地管理并识别用户的指纹,并将用户的指纹信息独立地保存在别的系统中,同时通过加密内存和一个硬件随机数字密码发生器进行管理。

每个“Secure Enclave”是单独设置的,不能访问系统其他部分的,拥有自己的独立的UID(唯一的ID),连苹果也不知道这些UID。当设备启动时,Touch ID会临时创建一个秘钥,与“Secure Enclave”的UID配合,对设备的内存空间进行加密。

而在苹果发布的文件中,苹果对A7处理器进行指纹识别授权的描述是:A7和Touch ID之间通过一个串行外设接口总线进行通信。A7处理器将数据发到“Secure Enclave”,但并不对数据内容进行读取。加密和身份验证都是使用Touch ID和“Secure Enclave”之间的共享密钥。通信密钥交换使用双方提供的一个随机AES密钥,并随机建立会话密钥和使用AES-CCM传输加密。

据了解:iPhone 5s中的指纹传感器检测到的表皮上突起的纹线。它检测到的不是用户手指外部的死皮指纹,这种指纹很容易被复制。iPhone 5s的指纹传感器利用射频信号,检测用户手指表面下方那一层皮肤的“活”指纹。如果手指与人的身体分离,那么传感器是无法检测到这种指纹的。所以用户不用担心自己的指纹被复制或盗窃之后,被用于解锁设备,因为传感器是无法识别这种“死”指纹的。


最近研究了下iOS8的文档,对指纹识别了解了下,并下载了一个官方提供的Demo。但是

NS_CLASS_AVAILABLE(10_10, 8_0)

从这句中可以看出,要想使用TouchID的接口,电脑的mac系统必须是10.10的,手机iOS系统必须是8.0,所以为了这个Demo我也没有升级电脑系统(毕竟还不稳定)。但根据Demo中的代码和文档可以看出,TouchID的基本用法。

1.首先要使用TouchID,要先导入依赖包:LocalAuthentication.framework

2.检查设备是否能用TouchID,返回检查结果BOOL类型success:

LAContext *context = [[LAContext alloc] init];
    __block  NSString *msg;
    NSError *error;
    BOOL success;
    
    // test if we can evaluate the policy, this test will tell us if Touch ID is available and enrolled
    success = [context canEvaluatePolicy: LAPolicyDeviceOwnerAuthenticationWithBiometrics error:&error];
    if (success) {
        msg =[NSString stringWithFormat:NSLocalizedString(@"TOUCH_ID_IS_AVAILABLE", nil)];
    } else {
        msg =[NSString stringWithFormat:NSLocalizedString(@"TOUCH_ID_IS_NOT_AVAILABLE", nil)];
    }

3.如果设备能使用TouchID,代码块中返回识别结果BOOL类型的success:

LAContext *context = [[LAContext alloc] init];
    __block  NSString *msg;
    
    // show the authentication UI with our reason string
    [context evaluatePolicy:LAPolicyDeviceOwnerAuthenticationWithBiometrics localizedReason:NSLocalizedString(@"UNLOCK_ACCESS_TO_LOCKED_FATURE", nil) reply:
     ^(BOOL success, NSError *authenticationError) {
         if (success) {
             msg =[NSString stringWithFormat:NSLocalizedString(@"EVALUATE_POLICY_SUCCESS", nil)];
         } else {
             msg = [NSString stringWithFormat:NSLocalizedString(@"EVALUATE_POLICY_WITH_ERROR", nil), authenticationError.localizedDescription];
         }
     }];

4.对于检查和识别的两个方法在 LocalAuthentication.framework/Headers/LAContext.h 中定义的:

/// Determines if a particular policy can be evaluated.
///
/// @discussion Policies can have certain requirements which, when not satisfied, would always cause
///             the policy evaluation to fail. Examples can be a passcode set or a fingerprint
///             enrolled with Touch ID. This method allows easy checking for such conditions.
///
///             Applications should consume the returned value immediately and avoid relying on it
///             for an extensive period of time. At least, it is guaranteed to stay valid until the
///             application enters background.
///
/// @warning    Do not call this method in the reply block of evaluatePolicy:reply: because it could
///             lead to a deadlock.
///
/// @param policy Policy for which the preflight check should be run.
///
/// @param error Optional output parameter which is set to nil if the policy can be evaluated, or it
///              contains error information if policy evaluation is not possible.
///
/// @return YES if the policy can be evaluated, NO otherwise.
- (BOOL)canEvaluatePolicy:(LAPolicy)policy error:(NSError * __autoreleasing *)error;

/// Evaluates the specified policy.
///
/// @discussion Policy evaluation may involve prompting user for various kinds of interaction
///             or authentication. Actual behavior is dependent on evaluated policy, device type,
///             and can be affected by installed configuration profiles.
///
///             Be sure to keep a strong reference to the context while the evaluation is in progress.
///             Otherwise, an evaluation would be canceled when the context is being deallocated.
///
///             The method does not block. Instead, the caller must provide a reply block to be
///             called asynchronously when evaluation finishes. The block is executed on a private
///             queue internal to the framework in an unspecified threading context. Other than that,
///             no guarantee is made about which queue, thread, or run-loop the block is executed on.
///
///             Implications of successful policy evaluation are policy specific. In general, this
///             operation is not idempotent. Policy evaluation may fail for various reasons, including
///             user cancel, system cancel and others, see LAError codes.
///
/// @param policy Policy to be evaluated.
///
/// @param reply Reply block that is executed when policy evaluation finishes.
///
/// @param localizedReason Application reason for authentication. This string must be provided in correct
///                        localization and should be short and clear. It will be eventually displayed in
///                        the authentication dialog subtitle. A name of the calling application will be
///                        already displayed in title, so it should not be duplicated here.
///
/// @param success Reply parameter that is YES if the policy has been evaluated successfully or NO if
///                the evaluation failed.
///
/// @param error Reply parameter that is nil if the policy has been evaluated successfully, or it contains
///              error information about the evaluation failure.
///
/// @warning localizedReason parameter is mandatory and the call will throw NSInvalidArgumentException if
///          nil or empty string is specified.
///
/// @see LAError
///
/// Typical error codes returned by this call are:
/// @li          LAErrorUserFallback if user tapped the fallback button
/// @li          LAErrorUserCancel if user has tapped the Cancel button
/// @li          LAErrorSystemCancel if some system event interrupted the evaluation (e.g. Home button pressed).
- (void)evaluatePolicy:(LAPolicy)policy localizedReason:(NSString *)localizedReason reply:(void(^)(BOOL success, NSError *error))reply;

欢迎小伙伴们对测试结果检验一下啊!

(转载请注明出处,谢谢!https://blog.csdn.net/yujianxiang666/article/details/35280025)

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