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POJ3623:Best Cow Line, Gold(后缀数组)
2015-06-10 08:36:58         来源:ACM!荣耀之路!  
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Description

FJ is about to take his N (1 ≤ N ≤ 30,000) cows to the annual"Farmer of the Year" competition. In this contest every farmer arranges his cows in a line and herds them past the judges.

The contest organizers adopted a new registration scheme this year: simply register the initial letter of every cow in the order they will appear (i.e., If FJ takes Bessie, Sylvia, and Dora in that order he just registers BSD). After the registration phase ends, every group is judged in increasing lexicographic order according to the string of the initials of the cows' names.

FJ is very busy this year and has to hurry back to his farm, so he wants to be judged as early as possible. He decides to rearrange his cows, who have already lined up, before registering them.

FJ marks a location for a new line of the competing cows. He then proceeds to marshal the cows from the old line to the new one by repeatedly sending either the first or last cow in the (remainder of the) original line to the end of the new line. When he's finished, FJ takes his cows for registration in this new order.

Given the initial order of his cows, determine the least lexicographic string of initials he can make this way.

Input

* Line 1: A single integer: N
* Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains a single initial ('A'..'Z') of the cow in the ith position in the original line

Output

The least lexicographic string he can make. Every line (except perhaps the last one) contains the initials of 80 cows ('A'..'Z') in the new line.

Sample Input

6
A
C
D
B
C
B

Sample Output

ABCBCD

Source

USACO 2007 December Gold

题意: 每次只能从两边取,要求取出来之后字典序最小 思路: 求出rank数组之后再从左右开始,哪个小取哪个
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
using namespace std;

#define LS 2*i
#define RS 2*i+1
#define UP(i,x,y) for(i=x;i<=y;i++)
#define DOWN(i,x,y) for(i=x;i>=y;i--)
#define MEM(a,x) memset(a,x,sizeof(a))
#define W(a) while(a)
#define gcd(a,b) __gcd(a,b)
#define LL long long
#define N 2000005
#define MOD 1000000007
#define INF 0x3f3f3f3f
#define EXP 1e-8
int wa[N],wb[N],wsf[N],wv[N],sa[N];
int rank[N],height[N],s[N];
//sa:字典序中排第i位的起始位置在str中第sa[i]
//rank:就是str第i个位置的后缀是在字典序排第几
//height:字典序排i和i-1的后缀的最长公共前缀
int cmp(int *r,int a,int b,int k)
{
    return r[a]==r[b]&&r[a+k]==r[b+k];
}
void getsa(int *r,int *sa,int n,int m)//n要包含末尾添加的0
{
    int i,j,p,*x=wa,*y=wb,*t;
    for(i=0; i=0; i--)  sa[--wsf[x[i]]]=i;
    p=1;
    j=1;
    for(; p=j)  y[p++]=sa[i]-j;
        for(i=0; i=0; i--)  sa[--wsf[wv[i]]]=y[i];
        t=x;
        x=y;
        y=t;
        x[sa[0]]=0;
        for(p=1,i=1; i


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