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经验积累,献给PHP爱好者!!!
2016-01-07 15:13:06           
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最近刚刚完成手中的项目,比较闲。来这儿转转,把积累的一些技巧分享给大家!
1、关于PHP重定向
方法一:header("Location: index.php");
方法二:echo "<script>window.location =\"$PHP_SELF\";</script>";
方法三:echo "<META HTTP-EQUIV=\"Refresh\" CONTENT=\"0; URL=index.php\">";
2、获取访问者浏览器
function browse_infor() 
{
$browser="";$browserver="";
$Browsers =array("Lynx","MOSAIC","AOL","Opera","JAVA","MacWeb","WebExplorer","OmniWeb");
$Agent = $GLOBALS["HTTP_USER_AGENT"];
for ($i=0; $i<=7; $i++) 
{
if (strpos($Agent,$Browsers[$i])) 
{
$browser = $Browsers[$i];
$browserver ="";
}
}
if (ereg("Mozilla",$Agent) && !ereg("MSIE",$Agent)) 
{
$temp =explode("(", $Agent); $Part=$temp[0];
$temp =explode("/", $Part); $browserver=$temp[1];
$temp =explode(" ",$browserver); $browserver=$temp[0];
$browserver =preg_replace("/([\d\.]+)/","\\1",$browserver);
$browserver = " $browserver";
$browser = "Netscape Navigator";
}
if (ereg("Mozilla",$Agent) && ereg("Opera",$Agent)) 
{
$temp =explode("(", $Agent); $Part=$temp[1];
$temp =explode(")", $Part); $browserver=$temp[1];
$temp =explode(" ",$browserver);$browserver=$temp[2];
$browserver =preg_replace("/([\d\.]+)/","\\1",$browserver);
$browserver = " $browserver";
$browser = "Opera";
}
if (ereg("Mozilla",$Agent) && ereg("MSIE",$Agent)) 
{
$temp = explode("(", $Agent); $Part=$temp[1];
$temp = explode(";",$Part); $Part=$temp[1];
$temp = explode(" ",$Part);$browserver=$temp[2];
$browserver =preg_replace("/([\d\.]+)/","\\1",$browserver);
$browserver = " $browserver";
$browser = "Internet Explorer";
}
if ($browser!="") 
{
$browseinfo = "$browser$browserver";
}
else 
{
$browseinfo = "Unknown";
}
return $browseinfo;
}
//调用方法$browser=browseinfo() ;直接返回结果

3、获取访问者操作系统
function osinfo() {
$os="";
$Agent = $GLOBALS["HTTP_USER_AGENT"];
if (eregi('win',$Agent) && strpos($Agent, '95')) {
$os="Windows 95";
}
elseif (eregi('win 9x',$Agent) && strpos($Agent, '4.90')) {
$os="Windows ME";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && ereg('98',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows 98";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && eregi('nt 5\.0',$Agent)) { 
$os="Windows 2000"; 
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && eregi('nt',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows NT";
}
elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && eregi('nt 5\.1',$Agent)) { 
$os="Windows XP"; 

elseif (eregi('win',$Agent) && ereg('32',$Agent)) {
$os="Windows 32";
}
elseif (eregi('linux',$Agent)) {
$os="Linux";
}
elseif (eregi('unix',$Agent)) {
$os="Unix";
}
elseif (eregi('sun',$Agent) && eregi('os',$Agent)) {
$os="SunOS";
}
elseif (eregi('ibm',$Agent) && eregi('os',$Agent)) {
$os="IBM OS/2";
}
elseif (eregi('Mac',$Agent) && eregi('PC',$Agent)) {
$os="Macintosh";
}
elseif (eregi('PowerPC',$Agent)) {
$os="PowerPC";
}
elseif (eregi('AIX',$Agent)) {
$os="AIX";
}
elseif (eregi('HPUX',$Agent)) {
$os="HPUX";
}
elseif (eregi('NetBSD',$Agent)) {
$os="NetBSD";
}
elseif (eregi('BSD',$Agent)) {
$os="BSD";
}
elseif (ereg('OSF1',$Agent)) {
$os="OSF1";
}
elseif (ereg('IRIX',$Agent)) {
$os="IRIX";
}
elseif (eregi('FreeBSD',$Agent)) {
$os="FreeBSD";
}
if ($os==') $os = "Unknown";
return $os;
}
//调用方法$os=os_infor() ;

4、文件格式类
$mime_types = array( 
'gif' => 'image/gif', 
'jpg' => 'image/jpeg', 
'jpeg' => 'image/jpeg', 
'jpe' => 'image/jpeg', 
'bmp' => 'image/bmp', 
'png' => 'image/png', 
'tif' => 'image/tiff', 
'tiff' => 'image/tiff', 
'pict' => 'image/x-pict', 
'pic' => 'image/x-pict', 
'pct' => 'image/x-pict', 
'tif' => 'image/tiff', 
'tiff' => 'image/tiff', 
'psd' => 'image/x-photoshop', 

'swf' => 'application/x-shockwave-flash', 
'js' => 'application/x-javascript', 
'pdf' => 'application/pdf', 
'ps' => 'application/postscript', 
'eps' => 'application/postscript', 
'ai' => 'application/postscript', 
'wmf' => 'application/x-msmetafile', 

'css' => 'text/css', 
'htm' => 'text/html', 
'html' => 'text/html', 
'txt' => 'text/plain', 
'xml' => 'text/xml', 
'wml' => 'text/wml', 
'wbmp' => 'image/vnd.wap.wbmp', 

'mid' => 'audio/midi', 
'wav' => 'audio/wav', 
'mp3' => 'audio/mpeg', 
'mp2' => 'audio/mpeg', 

'avi' => 'video/x-msvideo', 
'mpeg' => 'video/mpeg', 
'mpg' => 'video/mpeg', 
'qt' => 'video/quicktime', 
'mov' => 'video/quicktime', 

'lha' => 'application/x-lha', 
'lzh' => 'application/x-lha', 
'z' => 'application/x-compress', 
'gtar' => 'application/x-gtar', 
'gz' => 'application/x-gzip', 
'gzip' => 'application/x-gzip', 
'tgz' => 'application/x-gzip', 
'tar' => 'application/x-tar', 
'bz2' => 'application/bzip2', 
'zip' => 'application/zip', 
'arj' => 'application/x-arj', 
'rar' => 'application/x-rar-compressed', 

'hqx' => 'application/mac-binhex40', 
'sit' => 'application/x-stuffit', 
'bin' => 'application/x-macbinary', 

'uu' => 'text/x-uuencode', 
'uue' => 'text/x-uuencode', 

'latex'=> 'application/x-latex', 
'ltx' => 'application/x-latex', 
'tcl' => 'application/x-tcl', 

'pgp' => 'application/pgp', 
'asc' => 'application/pgp', 
'exe' => 'application/x-msdownload', 
'doc' => 'application/msword', 
'rtf' => 'application/rtf', 
'xls' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel', 
'ppt' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint', 
'mdb' => 'application/x-msaccess', 
'wri' => 'application/x-mswrite', 
);
5、php生成excel文档
<?
header("Content-type:application/vnd.ms-excel");
header("Content-Disposition:filename=test.xls");
echo "test1\t";
echo "test2\t\n";
echo "test1\t";
echo "test2\t\n";
echo "test1\t";
echo "test2\t\n";
echo "test1\t";
echo "test2\t\n";
echo "test1\t";
echo "test2\t\n";
echo "test1\t";
echo "test2\t\n";
?>
//改动相应文件头就可以输出.doc .xls等文件格式了
6、时间比较问题
举一个简单例子说明:比如一个论坛对当天发表的贴子用new图片标记一下。
方法一:
//$db->rows[$i][date]中为数据库中datetime字段值.
$today=time();
$theDay=date("Y-m-d H:i:s",$today-24*3600);
$newTag=$db->rows[$i][date]>=$theDay?"<img src='../image/newinfor.gif'>":"";
方法二:
$newTag=$db->rows[$i][date]>=date("Y-m-d 00:00:00")?"<img src='../image/newinfor.gif'>":"";
7、PHP中对数据库操作的封装
我的例子.........见上面附件!

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