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大数据系列修炼:Scala课程101
2016-10-21 10:01:00      个评论    来源:数据分析玩家  
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核心内容:

1、使用SBT开发Akka第一个案例源码解析MapActor、ReduceActor、AggregateActor

实例程序:HelloAkka

package akka.dt.app.scala.messages
import akka.actor.{ActorRef, ActorSystem, Props}
import akka.dt.app.scala.actors.MasterActor

object HelloAkka
{
  def main(args: Array[String]): Unit =
  {
      //在scala语言中,创建ActorSystem实际上有两种方式
      var system: ActorSystem =  ActorSystem.create("HelloAkka")   //ActorSystem实际上是一个静态类
      var master: ActorRef =  system.actorOf(Props[MasterActor],"master")  //本行代码后续还要改动

      master ! "Scala and Hadoop"   //ActorSystem向masterActor发送消息
      master ! "Java and Spark Scala  Hadoop  and "     //注意:master在这里实际上是消息的接受者
      master ! "Hbase and spark  Java and Scala"    //!在这里实际上是一个函数

      Thread.sleep(2000)

      master ! new Result  //获取最终的消息

      Thread.sleep(2000)

      system.shutdown()

  }
}

实例程序:MapData

package akka.dt.app.scala.messages

import java.util

class MapData(var dataList:util.ArrayList[WordCount])  //属性的定义以泛型的定义与Java有很大的不同
{
    def getDataList():util.ArrayList[WordCount] = dataList
}

实例程序:ReduceData

package akka.dt.app.scala.messages

import java.util


class ReduceData(var hashMap: util.HashMap[String,Integer])
{
    def getHashMap(): util.HashMap[String, Integer]  = hashMap
}

实例程序:Result

package akka.dt.app.scala.messages

class Result

实例程序:AggregateActor

package akka.dt.app.scala.actors

import java.util

import akka.actor.Actor
import akka.dt.app.scala.messages.{ReduceData, Result}

import scala.collection.JavaConverters._


class AggregateActor extends Actor
{
  var finalHashMap = new util.HashMap[String,Integer]()
  //重写方法,并进行消息的模式匹配处理
  override  def receive: Receive =
  {
      case message:ReduceData =>
      {
         aggregateInMemoryReduce(message.getHashMap())
      }
      case message:Result  => println(finalHashMap.toString)   //将最终结果进行输出
      case  _ => //否则的话不做任何的处理
  }
  def aggregateInMemoryReduce(hashMap: util.HashMap[String, Integer])
  {
      var count: Integer = 0
      for(key <- hashMap.keySet().asScala)   //依次遍历集合当中的每一个key值
      {
        if(finalHashMap.containsKey(key))
        {
           finalHashMap.put(key,finalHashMap.get(key)+hashMap.get(key))  //重新存放value数值
        }else
           finalHashMap.put(key,hashMap.get(key))
      }
  }
}

实例程序:MapActor

package akka.dt.app.scala.actors

import java.util.{StringTokenizer, _}

import akka.actor.{Actor, ActorRef}
import akka.dt.app.scala.messages.{MapData, WordCount}


class MapActor(reduceActor:ActorRef)  extends Actor
{
    override def receive: Receive =  //重写方法,并进行相应的模式匹配处理
    {
      case  message:String =>
      {
           reduceActor !  evaluateExpression(message)
      }
      case _ =>  //否则的话不对消息进行任何的处理
    }
    //实现evaluateExpression方法,仅仅是语法上稍微改动而已
    //实现的逻辑与Java类似,但是到底什么时候用val,什么时候用var呢
    def evaluateExpression(line:String): MapData =
    {
        var list  = new ArrayList[WordCount]()
        //定义一个分词器
        var parser = new StringTokenizer(line) //实际上调用了类的构造函数
        val defaultCount: Integer = 1
        while(parser.hasMoreTokens)  //判断分词器的右边是否含有单词
        {
            var word = parser.nextToken()
            list.add(new WordCount(word,defaultCount))
        }
        new MapData(list)
    }
}

实例程序:MasterActor

package akka.dt.app.scala.actors

import akka.actor.{Actor, Props}
import akka.dt.app.scala.messages.Result



class MasterActor  extends Actor   //继承的Actor不同,实现的方法也不同
{
   val aggregateActor = context.actorOf(Props[AggregateActor],"aggregate")
   val reduceActor = context.actorOf(Props(new ReduceActor(aggregateActor)),name = "reduce")
   //因为我们的MapActor会将结果交给ReduceActor,所以形式参数是ReduceActor。
   val mapActor = context.actorOf(Props(new MapActor(reduceActor)),"map")

  //模式匹配在一定程度上功能相当于if
  override  def receive: Receive =  //在函数当中进行模式匹配对消息进行相应的处理
  {
    case message:String => mapActor ! message
    case message:Result => aggregateActor ! message
    case _ =>  //不对消息进行任何的处理
  }
}

实例程序:ReduceActor

package akka.dt.app.scala.actors

import java.util

import akka.actor.{Actor, ActorRef}
import akka.dt.app.scala.messages.{MapData, ReduceData, WordCount}

import scala.collection.JavaConverters._

class ReduceActor(var aggregateActor: ActorRef)  extends Actor
{
  //方法重写仅仅是函数修饰符与函数执行体的改变而已,并且函数的访问权限不能更加严格
  override def receive: Receive =   //receive实际上是一个偏函数
  {
     //Java当中用if条件表达式,scala当中用case模式匹配
      case message:MapData =>
      {
         var reduceData:ReduceData = reduce(message.getDataList())
         aggregateActor ! reduceData   //发什么类型的消息,在对应的receive方法中有相应的匹配处理方法
      }
      case _ =>   //其余别的消息不做任何处理
  }
  //通过reduce函数做本地归并
  def reduce(list: util.ArrayList[WordCount]): ReduceData =
  {
      var hashMap= new util.HashMap[String,Integer]()  //scala当中有相应的类型推断机制
      //用for迭代语法进行处理
      //Java当中的语法: WordCount wordCount  : list
      for(wordCount  <- list.asScala) //集合中的每一个对象依次赋值给WordCount
      {
         if(hashMap.containsKey(wordCount.getWord()))   //如果映射表当中已经存储了这个单词
         {
           hashMap.put(wordCount.getWord(), hashMap.get(wordCount.getWord()) + 1)
         }else
           hashMap.put(wordCount.getWord(),Integer.valueOf(1))
      }
      return new ReduceData(hashMap)
  }
}

程序运行结果:我调试了很长时间,但是始终抛出一个异常:

"C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\bin\java" -Didea.launcher.port=7533 "-Didea.launcher.bin.path=E:\Smart IDEA\IntelliJ IDEA Community Edition 2016.2.4\bin" -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -classpath "C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\charsets.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\deploy.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\access-bridge-32.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\cldrdata.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\dnsns.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\jaccess.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\jfxrt.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\localedata.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\nashorn.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\sunec.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\sunjce_provider.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\sunmscapi.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\sunpkcs11.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\ext\zipfs.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\javaws.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\jce.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\jfr.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\jfxswt.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\jsse.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\management-agent.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\plugin.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\resources.jar;C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jdk1.8.0_65\jre\lib\rt.jar;E:\HelloScala\out\production\HelloScala;D:\SOFTWARE\scala\lib\scala-actors-migration.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\scala\lib\scala-actors.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\scala\lib\scala-library.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\scala\lib\scala-reflect.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\scala\lib\scala-swing.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\scala-library.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-actor-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-actor-migration-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-agent-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-beanstalk-mailbox-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-file-mailbox-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-kernel-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-mailboxes-common-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-mongo-mailbox-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-redis-mailbox-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-remote-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-sample-fsm-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-sample-hello-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-sample-hello-kernel-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-sample-remote-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-slf4j-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-testkit-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-transactor-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-zeromq-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\akka-zookeeper-mailbox-2.0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\beanstalk_client-1.4.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\bson-driver_2.9.0-1-0.2.9-1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\commons-codec-1.4.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\commons-io-1.4.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\commons-io-2.0.1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\commons-logging-1.1.1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\commons-pool-1.5.6.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\config-0.3.1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\dispatch-json_2.9.1-0.8.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\h2-lzf-1.0.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\httpclient-4.1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\httpcore-4.1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\jna-3.0.9.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\jnr-constants-0.8.2.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\log4j-1.2.14.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\mongo-driver_2.9.0-1-0.2.9-1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\mongo-java-driver-2.7.1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\netty-3.5.4.Final.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\objenesis-1.2.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\protobuf-java-2.4.1.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\redisclient_2.9.1-2.4.0.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\scala-stm_2.9.1-0.5.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\scalaj-collection_2.9.0-1-1.2.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\sjson_2.9.1-0.15.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\slf4j-api-1.6.4.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\util-core-1.12.2.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\zeromq-scala-binding_2.9.1-0.0.6.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\zkclient-0.3.jar;D:\SOFTWARE\akka\akka-2.0.5\lib\akka\zookeeper-3.4.0.jar;E:\Smart IDEA\IntelliJ IDEA Community Edition 2016.2.4\lib\idea_rt.jar" com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMain akka.dt.app.scala.messages.HelloAkka
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: scala.Predef$.augmentString(Ljava/lang/String;)Lscala/collection/immutable/StringOps;
    at akka.util.Duration$.(Duration.scala:76)
    at akka.util.Duration$.(Duration.scala)
    at akka.actor.ActorSystem$Settings.(ActorSystem.scala:140)
    at akka.actor.ActorSystemImpl.(ActorSystem.scala:449)
    at akka.actor.ActorSystem$.apply(ActorSystem.scala:111)
    at akka.actor.ActorSystem$.apply(ActorSystem.scala:93)
    at akka.actor.ActorSystem$.create(ActorSystem.scala:56)
    at akka.dt.app.scala.messages.HelloAkka$.main(HelloAkka.scala:14)
    at akka.dt.app.scala.messages.HelloAkka.main(HelloAkka.scala)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
    at com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMain.main(AppMain.java:147)

Process finished with exit code 1
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