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av_read_frame分析
2016-11-26 08:14:00         来源:sidumqz的博客  
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在读此文件之前最好先看看 avformat_find_stream_info读数据时的几个缓存数据的流向,这篇文章讲解了s->internal->packet_buffer这个队列中数据的来源。同时对read_frame_internal函数有图例说明。
基本上看完这篇文件,对av_read_frame函数就一目了然了。

av_read_frame

流程图

代码解释

s->flags & AVFMT_FLAG_GENPTS;
if (!genpts) {}

词句的判断还没有具体分析。

int av_read_frame(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
    const int genpts = s->flags & AVFMT_FLAG_GENPTS;
    int eof = 0;
    int ret;
    AVStream *st;

    if (!genpts) {
        //开始进来的时候s->internal->packet_buffer的数据是avformat_find_stream_info中放进去的。
        ret = s->internal->packet_buffer
              ? read_from_packet_buffer(&s->internal->packet_buffer,
                                        &s->internal->packet_buffer_end, pkt)
              : read_frame_internal(s, pkt);
        if (ret < 0)
            return ret;
        goto return_packet;
    }

    for (;;) {
        AVPacketList *pktl = s->internal->packet_buffer;

        if (pktl) {
            AVPacket *next_pkt = &pktl->pkt;

            if (next_pkt->dts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
                int wrap_bits = s->streams[next_pkt->stream_index]->pts_wrap_bits;
                // last dts seen for this stream. if any of packets following
                // current one had no dts, we will set this to AV_NOPTS_VALUE.
                int64_t last_dts = next_pkt->dts;
                while (pktl && next_pkt->pts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
                    if (pktl->pkt.stream_index == next_pkt->stream_index &&
                        (av_compare_mod(next_pkt->dts, pktl->pkt.dts, 2LL << (wrap_bits - 1)) < 0)) {
                        if (av_compare_mod(pktl->pkt.pts, pktl->pkt.dts, 2LL << (wrap_bits - 1))) {
                            // not B-frame
                            next_pkt->pts = pktl->pkt.dts;
                        }
                        if (last_dts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
                            // Once last dts was set to AV_NOPTS_VALUE, we don't change it.
                            last_dts = pktl->pkt.dts;
                        }
                    }
                    pktl = pktl->next;
                }
                if (eof && next_pkt->pts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE && last_dts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
                    // Fixing the last reference frame had none pts issue (For MXF etc).
                    // We only do this when
                    // 1. eof.
                    // 2. we are not able to resolve a pts value for current packet.
                    // 3. the packets for this stream at the end of the files had valid dts.
                    next_pkt->pts = last_dts + next_pkt->duration;
                }
                pktl = s->internal->packet_buffer;
            }

            /* read packet from packet buffer, if there is data */
            st = s->streams[next_pkt->stream_index];
            if (!(next_pkt->pts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE && st->discard < AVDISCARD_ALL &&
                  next_pkt->dts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE && !eof)) {
                ret = read_from_packet_buffer(&s->internal->packet_buffer,
                                               &s->internal->packet_buffer_end, pkt);
                goto return_packet;
            }
        }

        ret = read_frame_internal(s, pkt);
        if (ret < 0) {
            if (pktl && ret != AVERROR(EAGAIN)) {
                eof = 1;
                continue;
            } else
                return ret;
        }

        ret = add_to_pktbuf(&s->internal->packet_buffer, pkt,
                            &s->internal->packet_buffer_end, 1);
        av_packet_unref(pkt);
        if (ret < 0)
            return ret;
    }

return_packet:

    st = s->streams[pkt->stream_index];
    if ((s->iformat->flags & AVFMT_GENERIC_INDEX) && pkt->flags & AV_PKT_FLAG_KEY) {
        ff_reduce_index(s, st->index);
        av_add_index_entry(st, pkt->pos, pkt->dts, 0, 0, AVINDEX_KEYFRAME);
    }

    if (is_relative(pkt->dts))
        pkt->dts -= RELATIVE_TS_BASE;
    if (is_relative(pkt->pts))
        pkt->pts -= RELATIVE_TS_BASE;

    return ret;
}
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