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关于ReactNative安卓首屏白屏优化
2017-04-11 09:27:00           
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关于ReactNative安卓首屏白屏优化:在android中,当点击某个rn模块的入口按钮,弹出rn的activity到rn的页面展现出来的过程中,会有很明显的白屏现象,不同的机型不同(cpu好的白屏时间短),大概1s到2s的时间。

注意,只有在真机上才会有此现象,在模拟器上没有此现象完全是秒开。

优化分析

通过工具分析,问题主要在下面的代码上,
ReactRootView mReactRootView = createRootView();
mReactRootView.startReactApplication(mReactInstanceManager, getMainComponentName(), getLaunchOptions());

ReactActivity的onCreate()的完整代码如下:
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    if (getUseDeveloperSupport() && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {
      // Get permission to show redbox in dev builds.
      if (!Settings.canDrawOverlays(this)) {
        Intent serviceIntent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_OVERLAY_PERMISSION);
        startActivity(serviceIntent);
        FLog.w(ReactConstants.TAG, REDBOX_PERMISSION_MESSAGE);
        Toast.makeText(this, REDBOX_PERMISSION_MESSAGE, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
      }
    }

    mReactInstanceManager = createReactInstanceManager();
    ReactRootView mReactRootView = createRootView();
    mReactRootView.startReactApplication(mReactInstanceManager, getMainComponentName(), getLaunchOptions());
    setContentView(mReactRootView);
  }

知道了产生问题的原因,我们就知道怎么着手优化了。我们首先想到的:-内存换时间

步骤一:

缓存rootview管理器主要用于初始化和缓存rootview对象。

 

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.ViewParent;

import com.facebook.react.LifecycleState;
import com.facebook.react.ReactInstanceManager;
import com.facebook.react.ReactPackage;
import com.facebook.react.ReactRootView;

import java.lang.reflect.Field;

/**
 * 缓存view管理
 */
public class RNCacheViewManager {

    private static ReactRootView mRootView = null;
    private static ReactInstanceManager mManager = null;
    private static AbsRnInfo mRnInfo = null;

    //初始化
    public static void init(Activity act, AbsRnInfo rnInfo) {
        init(act, rnInfo, null);
    }

    public static void init(Activity act, AbsRnInfo rnInfo, Bundle launchOptions) {
        if (mManager == null) {
            updateCache(act, rnInfo, launchOptions);
        }
    }

    public static void updateCache(Activity act, AbsRnInfo rnInfo) {
        updateCache(act, rnInfo, null);
    }

    //更新cache,适合于版本升级时候更新cache
    public static void updateCache(Activity act, AbsRnInfo rnInfo, Bundle launchOptions) {
        mRnInfo = rnInfo;
        mManager = createReactInstanceManager(act);
        mRootView = new ReactRootView(act);
        mRootView.startReactApplication(mManager, rnInfo.getMainComponentName(), launchOptions);
    }

//设置模块名称,因为是private,只能通过反射赋值
    public static void setModuleName(String moduleName) {
        try {
            Field field = ReactRootView.class.getDeclaredField("mJSModuleName");
            field.setAccessible(true);
            field.set(getReactRootView(), moduleName);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }
    
//设置启动参数,因为是private,只能通过反射赋值
    public static void setLaunchOptions(Bundle launchOptions) {
        try {
            Field field = ReactRootView.class.getDeclaredField("mLaunchOptions");
            field.setAccessible(true);
            field.set(getReactRootView(), launchOptions);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    public static ReactRootView getReactRootView() {
        if(mRootView==null){
            throw new RuntimeException("缓存view管理器尚未初始化!");
        }
        return mRootView;
    }

    public static ReactInstanceManager getReactInstanceManager() {
        if(mManager==null){
            throw new RuntimeException("缓存view管理器尚未初始化!");
        }
        return mManager;
    }

    public static AbsRnInfo getRnInfo() {
        if(mRnInfo==null){
            throw  new RuntimeException("缓存view管理器尚未初始化!");
        }
        return mRnInfo;
    }

    public static void onDestroy() {
        try {
            ViewParent parent = getReactRootView().getParent();
            if (parent != null)
                ((android.view.ViewGroup) parent).removeView(getReactRootView());
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void clear() {
        try {
            if (mManager != null) {
                mManager.onDestroy();
                mManager = null;
            }
            if (mRootView != null) {
                onDestroy();
                mRootView = null;
            }
            mRnInfo = null;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private static ReactInstanceManager createReactInstanceManager(Activity act) {

        ReactInstanceManager.Builder builder = ReactInstanceManager.builder()
                .setApplication(act.getApplication())
                .setJSMainModuleName(getRnInfo().getJSMainModuleName())
                .setUseDeveloperSupport(getRnInfo().getUseDeveloperSupport())
                .setInitialLifecycleState(LifecycleState.BEFORE_RESUME);

        for (ReactPackage reactPackage : getRnInfo().getPackages()) {
            builder.addPackage(reactPackage);
        }

        String jsBundleFile = getRnInfo().getJSBundleFile();

        if (jsBundleFile != null) {
            builder.setJSBundleFile(jsBundleFile);
        } else {
            builder.setBundleAssetName(getRnInfo().getBundleAssetName());
        }
        return builder.build();
    }
}

步骤二

 

重写ReactActivity,可以拷贝出来改,也可以继承写,主要是重写onCreate和onDestroy,其余代码不动。onCreate方法中使用缓存rootview管理器来获得rootview对象,而不是重新创建。

onCreate()代码

 

protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        if (RNCacheViewManager.getRnInfo().getUseDeveloperSupport() && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {
            // Get permission to show redbox in dev builds.
            if (!Settings.canDrawOverlays(this)) {
                Intent serviceIntent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_OVERLAY_PERMISSION);
                startActivity(serviceIntent);
                FLog.w(ReactConstants.TAG, REDBOX_PERMISSION_MESSAGE);
                Toast.makeText(this, REDBOX_PERMISSION_MESSAGE, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        }

        mReactInstanceManager = RNCacheViewManager.getReactInstanceManager();
        ReactRootView mReactRootView = RNCacheViewManager.getReactRootView();
        setContentView(mReactRootView);
    }
onDestroy方法中,不能再调用原有的mReactInstanceManager.destroy()方法了,否则rn初始化出来的对象会被销毁,下次就用不了了。同时,要卸载掉rootview的parent对象,否则下次再setContentView时候回报错。

 

 

protected void onDestroy() {
        RNCacheViewManager.onDestroy();
        super.onDestroy();
    }

 

RNCacheViewManager的onDeatory代码
public static void onDestroy() {
        try {
            ViewParent parent = getReactRootView().getParent();
            if (parent != null)
                ((android.view.ViewGroup) parent).removeView(getReactRootView());
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

步骤三在app启动时候初始化缓存rootview管理器。
RNCacheViewManager.init((Activity) context, new RnInfo(moduleName, launchOptions));
RnInfo实体类代码:
public class RnInfo extends AbsRnInfo {

    private String mModuleName;
    private Bundle mLaunchOptions;

    public RnInfo(String moduleName) {
        this.mModuleName = moduleName;
    }

    public RnInfo(String moduleName, Bundle launchOptions) {
        this.mModuleName = moduleName;
        this.mLaunchOptions = launchOptions;
    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public Bundle getLaunchOptions() {
        return mLaunchOptions;
    }

    @Override
    public String getMainComponentName() {
        return mModuleName;
    }

    @Override
    public String getJSMainModuleName() {
        return RNKeys.Default.DEf_JS_MAIN_MODULE_NAME;
    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public String getJSBundleFile() {
        return RNManager.getJsBundlePath();
    }

    @Override
    public boolean getUseDeveloperSupport() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public List getPackages() {
        return Arrays.asList(
                new MainReactPackage(),
                new BBReactPackage()
        );
    }
}




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