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Pure-ftpd 安装配置和使用-运维-小墨-51CTO博客

2019-07-19 20:54:07           
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安装 Pure-ftpd

yum 安装

yum?-y?install?pure-ftpd

?修改配置文件

vim /etc/pure-ftpd/pure-ftpd.conf

ChrootEveryone???????????????yes
BrokenClientsCompatibility???no
MaxClientsNumber?????????????50
Daemonize????????????????????yes
MaxClientsPerIP??????????????8
VerboseLog???????????????????no
DisplayDotFiles??????????????yes
AnonymousOnly????????????????no
NoAnonymous??????????????????no
SyslogFacility???????????????ftp
DontResolve??????????????????yes
MaxIdleTime??????????????????15
PureDB????????????????????????/etc/pure-ftpd/pureftpd.pdb
PAMAuthentication?????????????yes
LimitRecursion???????????????10000?8
AnonymousCanCreateDirs???????no
MaxLoad??????????????????????4
AntiWarez????????????????????yes
Umask????????????????????????133:022
MinUID??????????????????????1000
AllowUserFXP?????????????????no
AllowAnonymousFXP????????????no
ProhibitDotFilesWrite????????no
ProhibitDotFilesRead?????????no
AutoRename???????????????????no
AnonymousCantUpload?????????yes
AltLog?????????????????????clf:/var/log/pureftpd.log
PIDFile?????????????????????/var/run/pure-ftpd.pid
MaxDiskUsage???????????????????99
CustomerProof????????????????yes

创建系统用户

useradd?www

更改所属主和所属组:

chown?-R?www:www?/data/www/wordpress

创建ftp用户

pure-pw?useradd?user005?-u?www?-d?/data/www/wordpress

此时会出现为该ftp新用户创建密码的提示:

pure-pw?useradd?user005?-u?www?-d?/data/www/wordpress
Password:?
Enter?it?again:

-u选项将虚拟用户user005与系统用户www关联在一起,即使用user005账号登录FTP后,会以www的身份来读取和下载文件。

-d选项后面的目录为user005账户的家目录,这样可以使user005只能访问其家目录/data/www/wordpress

创建用户信息数据库文件:

pure-pw?mkdb

查看用户列表:

pure-pw list

pure-pw?list
user005????????????/data/www/wordpress/./

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ??

启动pure-ftpd/添加开机启动

systemctl??start?pure-ftpd
systemctl??enable??pure-ftpd

测试连接

?ftp 127.0.0.1

[root@localhost?pure-ftpd]#?ftp?127.0.0.1
Connected?to?127.0.0.1?(127.0.0.1).
220----------?Welcome?to?Pure-FTPd?[privsep]?[TLS]?----------
220-You?are?user?number?1?of?50?allowed.
220-Local?time?is?now?20:45.?Server?port:?21.
220-IPv6?connections?are?also?welcome?on?this?server.
220?You?will?be?disconnected?after?15?minutes?of?inactivity.
Name?(127.0.0.1:root):?user005
331?User?user005?OK.?Password?required
Password:
230?OK.?Current?directory?is?/
Remote?system?type?is?UNIX.
Using?binary?mode?to?transfer?files.
ftp>

登录成功

添加新的ftp用户

pure-pw useradd user006 -u www -d /data/www/wordpress

pure-pw?useradd?user006?-u?www?-d?/data/www/wordpress
输入密码
Password:?
Enter?it?again:

创建新的ftp用户之后,需要重新生成用户数据库文件,新的账户才能登录。

pure-pw?mkdb

删除账号的命令为:

pure-pw?userdel?user006

修改ftp用户的密码

pure-pw?passwd?user006???#修改密码
Password:?
Enter?it?again:

pure-pw mkdb? ? ? ? #重新生成数据库文件

修改用户的上传路径

pure-pw?usermod?user006?-d?/data/www/web
pure-pw?mkdb

pure-pw show user006? ? ?#查看用户信息

[root@localhost?~]#?pure-pw?show?user006
Login??????????????:?user006
Password???????????:?$6$1eHOVB9O/aDbkn30$/ftGMK2dBTHlk.uqYoEYRZ6T.DKobaXjPTshLIMgpCdVbBSEBWpvOHtGxsLRRfFexiGse7tSdCiUlBl3wlPOF.
UID????????????????:?1001?(www)
GID????????????????:?1001?(www)
Directory??????????:?/data/www/web/./
Full?name??????????:?
Download?bandwidth?:?0?Kb?(unlimited)
Upload???bandwidth?:?0?Kb?(unlimited)
Max?files??????????:?0?(unlimited)
Max?size???????????:?0?Mb?(unlimited)
Ratio??????????????:?0:0?(unlimited:unlimited)
Allowed?local??IPs?:?
Denied??local??IPs?:?
Allowed?client?IPs?:?
Denied??client?IPs?:?
Time?restrictions??:?0000-0000?(unlimited)
Max?sim?sessions???:?0?(unlimited)

调整pure-ftpd日志文件的路径,默认把日志写在/var/log/messages

~这个按需求,一般不用调整~

修改/etc/rsyslog.conf

在这行的cron.none后面添加 ;ftp.none 使ftp的日志信息成私有,(我这里直接注释,新加一行。)

vim?/etc/rsyslog.conf

...
#*.info;mail.none;authpriv.none;cron.none??????????????/var/log/messages
*.info;mail.none;authpriv.none;cron.none;ftp.none?????/var/log/messages
ftp.*????????-/var/log/pureftpd.log??#pure-ftpd的日志输出文件
...

注意: 不要去掉/var前面的-号,否则日志会在/var/log/messages与/var/log/pureftpd.log里各记录一份。

重启rsyslog生效

systemctl?restart?rsyslog.service

修改主端口

vim /etc/pure-ftpd/pure-ftpd.conf

#Bind?127.0.0.1,21
修改为
Bind?0.0.0.0,8121

端口修改为8121

重启pure-ftpd

systemctl??restart?pure-ftpd

PureFTP被动端口设置

vim /etc/pure-ftpd/pure-ftpd.conf

#?PassivePortRange??????????30000?50000
修改为
PassivePortRange??????????30000?50000
把前面的#删除

相关TAG标签 Pure-ftpd
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